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Is hemp the food of the future?

Many researchers are currently looking into the possibility of a new source of income for hemp producers. If hemp is already directly involved in the cultivation of cereals, fibers and flowers, it seems that its young shoots could be used for a new crop of green vegetables, a healthy and natural food!

Hemp, a food like any other

According to a study conducted by researchers at the University of Arizona, hemp seedlings may well end up being the new superfood for our salads.

Masson is a farmer living in Arizona. Recently, he decided to plant 17 varieties of hemp grains and fibers in test fields to harvest hemp leaves every 18 days. He explains that these young hemp shoots spread as fast as weeds. His crop even bloomed, which was an opportunity for him to partially get rid of the sometimes bitter taste found in the hemp leaf.

It is still too early to be sure, but it would also seem that these young hemp shoots bring an important nutritional value to the one who consumes them. When asked about this, Masson said the hemp shoots are very dense when eaten. “You can feel the fiber moving through you; even though it’s nice and tender, there’s still a lot of fiber.”

And taste-wise?

A panel of 89 people volunteered to conduct taste tests. In the end, of the 17 varieties tested, five stood out for their good taste.

According to Masson, test participants particularly liked the young hemp shoots with their minty, fruity and floral flavors. They also indicated that the crispness of the hemp reminded them of that encountered with kale.

In addition, they found hemp to have more of a “peach fuzz” compared to other greens. In the end, hemp scored 3.3 on a scale of 1 to 5, although participants indicated a taste preference for hemp over kale.

Real economic stakes

The seedlings germinated very quickly during Masson’s trials: they grew faster than leafy spinach seedlings, even though their planting density is already particularly high!

According to Mr. Masson, there is no need to worry about potential competition for seeds, which are available at relatively high prices. Indeed, hemp is very popular nowadays, and according to his tests and the reaction of consumers, Mr. Masson is convinced that the young hemp shoots will sell out in record time!…

cbd vaporizer pax 2

How to vaporize your cannabidiol for maximum effects

There are many ways to consume CBD: orally by ingestion with oil, by inhalation with electronic cigarettes and e-liquids, topically with creams, etc.

There is also the method of vaporization, which allows you to enjoy the effects of plants without the inconvenience of combustion and with optimal efficiency.

What is a vaporizer?

A vaporizer, also called vaporisateur pour CBD, is a device that allows you to heat a plant material in order to extract its active and aromatic compounds. Vaporizers are different from electronic cigarettes; they do not work in the same way and are not compatible with the same products.

The principle of operation

The main principle of a vaporizer is to extract the active ingredients of plants through heat, but without burning them.

Unlike fumigation, vaporization does not create combustion and therefore no smoke or ashes. Without combustion, the quantity of harmful compounds absorbed by the body, such as tar or carbon monoxide, is drastically reduced.

The vaporizer produces vapor by slowly heating a plant to a specific temperature: the molecules are extracted from the plant in the form of vapor.

The various products you can vaporize

The vaporizer is designed to be used with plant material, most often in the form of dried plants.

These plants are chosen for their medicinal properties and are widely used in phytotherapy. Of course, this so-called alternative medicine cannot and should not replace traditional medicine: in all cases it is recommended to consult a doctor before using a plant to avoid any risk of allergy.

It is also possible to use concentrates in the form of resins, crystals or pastes. These concentrates contain a large quantity of active ingredient and must be heated at temperatures generally higher than for dried plants. Indeed, in order not to burn the herbs during vaporization, it is important to respect the temperature of each product and to always stay below the combustion point of cellulose located at 231°C.

Each product has its own temperature, so it is important to get information before vaporizing a plant or a concentrate.

How to choose your vaporizer?

There are different types of vaporizers that adapt to different styles of consumption; to be sure to make the right choice, here are the main characteristics to consider before you start.

Desktop or portable vaporizer?

Vaporizers come in two main families: lounge vaporizers and portable vaporizers.

As their name suggests, the first are vaporizers designed to be fixed, used at home for example. Quite large and requiring a connection to the mains, these devices are very efficient and have a fairly high selling price. Fixed vaporizers are made for those who wish to enjoy the benefits of vaporization at home.

Portable vaporizers are designed to be carried around easily and used at any time and on any occasion. A vaporizer of this type fits in the hand but can be more or less imposing depending on its autonomy and technical capabilities. Some devices benefit from an additional autonomy thanks to two batteries while for others it is the compactness and the practicality which is put forward.

Conductive or convective heat?

Not all vaporizers offer the same heating technology: some work by conduction, others by convection.

– Conduction heating: with this technique, the plant material is in direct contact with the heating element. With conduction, the temperature rise is generally faster; the heating is also more direct and requires special attention to avoid burning the plant material.

– Convection heating: the plant material is not in direct contact with the heating element. The air is heated upstream and then circulates through the material to extract the active components. With this system, the vape is often more qualitative but the price is proportionally higher.

Is the process healthier ?

According to various sources found across the web, vaporising your CBD or dry herbs seems to be a much healthier alternative to combustion for example. There is still not much data and many studies done on this topic to draw some conclusions. Feel free to visit this website to reach more on this topic!…

cannabidiol

Top 6 reasons to try CBD

We see more and more people around us consuming CBD and you hesitate to try? Its “miracle product” side leaves you skeptical? We must admit that all the virtues that we lend it may seem “too good to be true”, but the potential of CBD is confirmed more and more over the years, whether in terms of consumer feedback, or with scientific research. If you are still not convinced, here are some reasons that should change your mind!

It soothes everyday ailments in a natural way

First of all, you should know that CBD is a totally legal molecule. Unlike its cousin THC, it does not induce any high or any other side effect. You do not have any risk of addiction to try CBD, because it is directly extracted from the hemp plant. Completely natural, it relieves you and will eventually prevent you from using a heavier drug treatment!

It reduces stress

Known for its relaxing effects, CBD undoubtedly helps you relax, but can also act as a mild antidepressant. So you can try CBD in times of increased stress, to help reduce your anxiety disorders: a few drops of CBD oil or a hemp tea will do the trick!

It provides a better sleep

The human body reacts to CBD because it interacts with the receptors of the endocannabinoid system, which is directly linked to the nervous and immune systems. This system also plays a role in the body’s homeostasis, which helps regulate our sleep cycles: a better regulated homeostasis cycle makes it easier to fall asleep, while enjoying a much better quality of sleep.

It relieves chronic pain

Another reason to try CBD is its proven anti-inflammatory effect. According to some studies, this product could soothe certain joint pains such as osteoarthritis, but also back pain and certain neurological ailments! Why deprive yourself of it?

It improves recovery after exercise

Contrary to popular belief, CBD is not reserved for people subject to stress or physical problems! Indeed, more and more athletes are trying it, because the use of CBD-based oils or balms allows them to recover better, by relaxing their muscles after an effort!

It takes care of your skin

Combined with hemp oil, CBD is particularly useful against skin problems. Thanks to its moisturizing, antiseptic, and anti-inflammatory properties, it helps regulate sebum production. You should therefore try it if you suffer from skin problems such as eczema, hives or psoriasis… It is even effective in relieving your sunburn!…

lemon cake and cbd

Lemon and CBD Cake

Feeling a bit tired around nap time? Go into “tea time” mode with our twist on a famous lemon cake recipe. Nothing like it to revive the taste buds, and endocannabinoids. Especially, if you accompany your cake with a CBD tea.

Ingredients

(For 6 people)

– 200g sugar
– 120g melted butter
– 150g of flour
– 3 eggs
– 3 lemons

– Zest of one lemon
– 1 teaspoon of baking powder
– Powdered sugar
– 10 drops of 4% cbd

Preparation

Prepare the cake tin by putting soft butter on the sides and putting baking paper.

Melt the butter in pieces in a saucepan. Pour it in a bowl and add the sugar, the CBD, the zest of a lemon, then mix. Add the eggs one by one, mixing each time, then the flour and the yeast while whisking the mixture.

Tip: you can replace the melted butter with a hazelnut butter (browned over low heat) which will give a better taste.

Cut the lemons in half and squeeze them to obtain the juice. You must incorporate 80g of lemon juice in the mixture obtained. If there is any extra juice, make a lemon squeeze with it!

Pour the batter into the cake pan and bake for 45 minutes in a preheated oven at 165°. Check the cooking by placing the blade of a knife in the heart of the cake. When it comes out clean (dry) your cake is cooked. If not, extend the cooking time by 5 minutes.

Turn the cake out onto a rack and wrap it in plastic wrap so that it stays soft as it cools. Remove the plastic wrap when the cake is cooled.

Variation

From an aesthetic point of view, and also for greed, you can make a glaze for your cake. To do this, mix powdered sugar with the juice of half a lemon, the equivalent of about 30 grams of lemon juice. You must obtain a white icing, not too hard, but not too liquid either. If necessary, adjust your dosage.

When your cake is cooled, place it on a rack, itself placed on a dish (to recover the glaze surplus) and cover the cake with your glaze. But as today we eat first with our eyes and we make everyone enjoy it, don’t forget the little picture!…

cannabis use in canada

Canada: Cannabis use after legalization

Since the legalization of cannabis in some countries, we are finally able to collect valid data about cannabis consumption in different parts of the population. This is the case in the Quebec region, and the CBD Tester team thought it would be good to share with you these very informative figures on cannabis consumption since legalization and the appearance of the COVID

Post-legalization cannabis use among youth

Cannabis use among youth aged 15 to 17 in the Canadian province of Quebec declined by about 3% between 2018 and 2021, reveal data from the Quebec Cannabis Survey, recently released by the Institut de la statistique du Québec. In contrast, in all other age groups, after age 18, post-legalization cannabis use has increased over the past three years.
Held between February and June 2021, the third edition of the “Quebec Cannabis Survey (QCS)” examined the frequency of cannabis use as well as various aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic related to its use.

Cannabis use after legalization … and since COVID

The COVID-19 pandemic appears to have had an impact on some users. Of the 20% of Quebecers who used cannabis in the past year, 24% reported an increase in use due to the pandemic, while 72% reported no change in use. Cannabis users with high levels of psychological distress, however, were more likely to report an increase in cannabis use due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

The Institut de la statistique du Québec produces, analyzes and disseminates official, objective and quality statistical information on various aspects of Quebec society. The QSS, conducted by the Institut de la statistique du Québec on behalf of the Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, aims to monitor changes in cannabis use. The first edition of the survey was conducted in 2018, before the legalization of cannabis. The second (2019) and third (2021) editions will continue the study of cannabis use patterns in Quebec and its evolution since legalization.

The detailed results of the third edition will be available in April 2022.…

CBD legislation in Europe : What’s the current status?

The legal status of cannabis, its derivatives and its uses is far from being a model of harmony on the old continent. Here is an overview of the different legislations, most of them almost permanent, within the European community.

The spectrum of cannabis uses is wide. Four main uses stand out: medical use, recreational use, wellness use related to CBD products and industrial hemp exploitation. Due to the controversial status of cannabis, these uses are sometimes prohibited, condemned or encouraged. Indeed, several factors can determine whether a cannabis derivative is legally available for consumption and purchase, or not. Thus, each country looks at and welcomes these uses differently depending on its drug policy, while keeping the general EU regulations as a guideline.

You want to know the legal status of cannabis and its derivatives in the EU countries? We offer you a legislative tour on the issue.

Reminder regarding the UE cannabis/CBD legislation

According to EU (European Union) legislation, hemp grown for “fiber” is legal if its THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) content does not exceed 0.2% or less. This provision is specified in Council Regulation (EC) No. 1672/2000 of 27 July 2000.

While cannabis is decriminalized in some countries, in the majority of cases, EU member states maintain a rather hostile attitude towards cannabis and especially towards recreational cannabis.

Regarding CBD, until recently there were no restrictions on the subject in EU regulations. However, EU legislation has moved towards some restriction. The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), published new guidelines in January 2019 that affect cannabinoid-enriched foods: “If CBD is to be considered a food additive, it will need to be filed as a novel dietary ingredient.

All products containing CBD must now be approved by a national food authority as a “novel food”. These new guidelines are not mandatory, but some EU member states have already amended their CBD laws accordingly.

EU legislation update country by country

Ready for a tour of cannabis/CBD legislation in the EU in 2021?

Germany

The legalization of medical cannabis has been in effect in Germany since March 2017. Thanks to it, patients suffering from serious illnesses can be treated with cannabis-based medicines on prescription. As for CBD-based products, they are also legal, but only if the THC content does not exceed 0.2%. On the other hand, the German federal drug law prohibits recreational cannabis, although it tolerates the possession and consumption of small quantities.

Austria

Austrian law only prohibits psychotropic cannabis. The use of medical cannabis has been permitted since 2008. There are no restrictions on CBD, which is also legal. Authorized CBD products must not exceed the threshold of 0.3% THC. Even better than the majority of other EU members who stagnate at 0.2%.

Belgium

Under laws dating back to 1912, in Belgium anything extracted from the cannabis plant is illegal. Unless prescribed by a doctor, buying/selling or consuming CBD products is illegal. Medical CBD is allowed but only with a prescription. Apart from that, you can be prosecuted for possessing CBD products, even if they do not contain THC. The production, distribution, and sale of medical cannabis remains prohibited.

In 2019, Belgium announced that CBD flowers with less than 0.2% THC content are now considered tobacco products.

Bulgaria

In Bulgaria, CBD products are available over the counter as long as they contain less than 0.2% THC. In fact, it was the first EU country to issue a certificate for the sale of CBD in open markets.

Croatia

In Croatia you can legally import and buy CBD cannabis as long as the THC content does not exceed 0.2%. Also, medical cannabis has been legal since 2015. Patients suffering from pathologies related to AIDS, multiple sclerosis or cancer can be treated in pharmacies with a prescription. Similarly, the cultivation of industrial hemp is authorized. However, it is illegal to smoke cannabis in public places. Possession, even in small quantities, is forbidden.

Cyprus

Cypriot legislation allows the cultivation and marketing of whole plants or parts of plants or seeds of the species Cannabis sativa with a THC concentration not exceeding 0.2%. Producers and/or suppliers of industrial hemp must obtain a license. Convicted cancer patients are allowed to use cannabis oil for their palliative care.

Denmark

Under Danish law, the use of cannabis for medical and scientific purposes is still restricted. Under current law, you must have a prescription from a doctor to consume cannabis in any form. Therefore, CBD in Denmark is currently only available with a doctor’s prescription.

Spain

Spain is one of the most divisive countries in terms of cannabis legislation. Cannabis-based therapeutic treatments remain prohibited, except in Catalonia where Sativex has been authorized since 2013.

While industrial hemp is allowed, only the Cannabis Sativa L variety can legally be produced, sold and consumed. Similarly, only CBD products from industrial hemp are legal. Only, as in the EU, CBD products in Spain must not contain more than 0.2% THC.

In terms of decriminalization, Spain is one of the few countries where the private use of cannabis is legalized. However, the use, purchase, possession, sale and import of cannabis in public is illegal.

The government prohibits therapeutic claims on online purchases of CBD products.

Estonia

Estonia is the only one of the Baltic countries to have legalized medical cannabis. However, cannabinoid-based medication remains highly regulated. Under Estonian law, psychotropic drugs are illegal. CBD, however, escapes the psychotropic class and can be used legally.

Finland

The Finnish law on psychoactive substances is quite restrictive. Thus, although the law allows for therapeutic cannabis, requests for cannabinoid medication are handled on a case-by-case basis. CBD is legal in the sense that it is not listed as a prohibited substance.

France

Is cannabinoid-based medication legal in France? Yes, with Sativex, dronabinol (Marinol) or synthetic THC. But these medications have not been very conclusive. Therefore, a new decree of October 7, 2020 authorizes a new experimentation of therapeutic cannabis in 5 indications.

However, French legislation remains rather hostile to THC. And it has long been rather unclear on the uses of CBD products.

The 0.2% THC level was one of the main points that fueled the legal vagueness around CBD uses. In fact, France authorizes the cultivation of a restrictive list of hemp varieties with a THC level not exceeding 0.2%. Similarly, any extraction of cannabonoids was prohibited. Today, it is by virtue of a 2018 CJEU ruling that the sale of CBD products has been revived. A more precise legal development was expected.

It fell through a decision of the Court of Cassation that legalizes cannabidiol and hemp flowers legally produced in the EU. In this decision of June 23, 2021, the Court of Cassation states that “the prohibition of the marketing of products containing CBD cannot be ordered in the absence of proof that they fall into the category of narcotics.

Greece

Under Greek law, CBD is excluded from drug control. CBD products are allowed if they contain less than 0.2% THC.

Hungary

Hungarian law does not explicitly restrict CBD. According to Hungarian law, cannabis containing less than 0.2% THC is considered hemp. Therefore, CBD is legal in Hungary.

Ireland

Under Irish law, cannabis varieties containing THC up to 0.2% are permitted. Extraction methods such as the use of CO2 or solvents is illegal. Therefore CBD oil is legal if and only if it is obtained by cold pressing.

Italy

In Italy, it has been possible to buy medical cannabis in pharmacies since 2007. As of 2017, the Italian law introduces “provisions favoring the cultivation of industrial hemp . The goal is to re-inscribe the country as a major player in the industrial cultivation of hemp and CBD products. Industrial hemp can be grown if the THC content is 0.5% or less. In 2016, the Italian government legalized the sale and consumption of CBD. In 2018, high CBD light cannabis with less than 0.5% THC was legalized.

Latvia

Latvian cannabis legislation is aligned with EU legislation on industrial hemp. Therefore the country allows the sale of CBD products with THC limited to 0.2%. Cannabinoid medication is not allowed.

Lithuania

Lithuania adheres to the general EU law on hemp. CBD products can be legally purchased in Lithuania as long as they contain less than 0.2% THC. Like Latvia, Lithuania does not allow medical cannabis.

Luxembourg

Under Luxembourg law, cannabis is legal if it contains less than 0.3% THC. CBD in Luxembourg is therefore legal. Similarly, medical cannabis has been legal since 2018.

Malta

In Malta, to use cannabis for therapeutic purposes, a prescription is required. In 2015, Maltese laws placed restrictions on cannabis and CBD. Under Maltese law, cannabinoid extraction from any form of cannabis (marijuana or hemp) remains subject to the Drug Dependence Act of 2018.

Netherlands

One immediately thinks of Amsterdam known for its relaxed policy towards cannabis consumption. But this tolerance of cannabis is only apparent because Indian hemp (with THC) is “really” illegal. However, you do not risk prosecution in the famous dedicated cafes. You can’t consume more than 5 grams of cannabis at a time. Because hemp seeds and CBD are not explicitly covered by Dutch drug legislation, CBD hemp seed oil is legal in the Netherlands.

Poland

According to the laws in Poland, there are no legal restrictions preventing the use of CBD. Hemp cultivation is limited to varieties with less than 0.2% THC. Since June 2017, the therapeutic use of cannabis is allowed with a medical prescription.

Portugal

Portugal is a pioneer in terms of laws supporting cannabis use. Although personal use of cannabis has been legal since 2001, medical cannabis has only been legalized since 2018. The country has great market potential and sales of CBD products are steadily increasing.

Czech Republic

According to Czech law, CBD products must not contain more than 0.3% THC. Below this threshold hemp and CBD products can be purchased and consumed freely in the Czech Republic. The country is one of the few countries that have decriminalized cannabis subject to THC limits.

Romania

Romanian laws do not explicitly prohibit CBD derived from hemp. Buying or consuming CBD products is legal in Romania as long as THC levels are below 0.2%. Medical cannabis, although authorized since 2013, must also respect the 0.2% THC limit. This represents a hindrance to the development of the commercial medical cannabis industry which does not benefit patients. They have to turn to other countries, especially to get Sativex.

Slovakia

Slovakia has no regulations on medical cannabis. CBD is listed as a psychoactive drug. For the time being, Slovak law is clear and states that CBD and its oil are illegal.

Slovenia

According to Slovenian law only the cultivation, possession, processing, sale and distribution of cannabis with a THC content of more than 0.2% is prohibited. Therefore, CBD products with a THC content of less than 0.2% are completely legal. Cultivation legislation requires a low THC content of less than 0.2%. CBD oil is legal in Slovenia for consumption.

Sweden

Swedish drug legislation is one of the most restrictive in Europe. Products containing THC, regardless of the quantity, are classified as narcotics. CBD, on the other hand, is no longer considered a drug but a medicine. Therefore, by law, oral CBD products require a license from the Medicines Agency to be sold. On the medical cannabis side, only Sativex is accepted as a cannabinoid-based medication. However, candidates for this medication must be referred to a doctor who must in turn receive approval from the Medicines Agency.

To conclude

Several EU countries have undertaken a parliamentary reflection to change the legislation on cannabis and especially on medical cannabis. The next few years should be interesting in terms of legal developments around cannabis and especially CBD.…

Anxious man

How can CBD help with anxiety

Anxiety is a feeling and emotion felt by most people, a fact further accentuated by the frantic pace at which our modern societies advance. An increasingly common ailment that can have different degrees of impact on our mental and physical health. It can, for example, cause depression. And when we know that Europeans, and more particularly the French, are among the top-consumer of anti-depressant, CBD comes to impose itself as a miracle solution much healthier. So what are the benefits of cannabidiol against anxiety? How to consume it to effectively fight anxiety? Tutoarduino answers all these questions below.

How to define anxiety?

First of all, it is important to describe a little more precisely how anxiety can manifest itself and impact an individual in his daily life. Anxiety is defined more as a feeling, as an emotion rather than as an illness. It results from an accumulation of conscious and unconscious stress. In more severe cases, it can manifest itself in the form of panic disorder, obsessive disorder, phobia, social disorders, as well as post-traumatic stress from an accident or shocking experience. More pronounced forms can cause breathing problems, aches and pains, dizziness, severe headaches, but also tachycardia or strong heat rises.

It is also interesting to note that anxiety can itself be a symptom of so-called higher illnesses. Anxiety known as secondary anxiety can result from bipolarity, hyperthyroidism, depression itself or even major psychiatric disorders or hypertension. So many symptoms and diseases on which CBD has had promising impacts since science has decided to focus on its virtues.

How can CBD alleviate anxiety

At present, a whole bunch of pharmaceutical drugs are marketed with the aim of alleviating anxiety in people who suffer from it. But their major problem is that these same drugs can have several side effects, but also, and especially, caused an addiction in its consumer. This is where CBD comes in as the safest and healthiest alternative for human beings. Because in addition to effectively fighting anxiety, cannabidiol has proven itself against certain serious skin diseases such as multiple sclerosis, but also on Parkinson’s disease, and even on certain forms of cancer.

Not to be considered as a full-fledged drug, CBD can be an excellent ally against anxiety. Indeed, it acts and dissipates completely in our body thanks to the natural presence of our endocannabinoid system, and thus on the CB1 and CB2 receptors. A process that generates the creation of serotonin and its influx into our brain. This hormone acts directly on the mood and on the feeling of well-being and happiness. A proven result, since proven by several international studies in recent years.

Benefits that have boosted its image among new consumers of legal cannabis. Because unlike its cousin THC, cannabidiol has no psychotropic effect. This could accentuate certain ailments such as personality disorders, bipolarity by promoting hallucinations and paranoia for example. But even if the CBD does not represent any danger for the health, it is important to dose its doses so that it acts in the most optimal way.

What dosage to choose ?

First of all, it is important to know that CBD will have a different degree of effects in each person, as they do not all react in the same way. For that, it is important to find the mode of consumption which pleases you the most. The cannabidiol in herbal tea remains surely the most adequate to the good and complete dissipation of the benefits of our magic molecule in our body. The e-liquids and the flowers consumed under specialized vaporizer are also an excellent way to take advantage of the CBD, even if the time of the effects will be less than those caused by the consumption of an herbal tea. CBD oils as well as massage balms are also a good way to benefit from the virtues of cannabidiol, especially when it comes to local applications. CBD honey can also be just as effective as infusions, since it spreads directly into the bloodstream, and therefore, impacting in a beneficial way the whole of our organs.

In short, it is important to find the right dose and the most pleasant way to enjoy CBD, it will take care of the rest. We advise you to consult your doctor beforehand to discuss the subject with him. An expert eye will surely help you make a more informed and serene choice.…

sleeping disorders

Smoking a cannabis joint to fall asleep might not be a very good idea

A recent study conducted over more than a decade has delivered a novel conclusion. Indeed, it established a link between cannabis use and sleep disorders. Smoking cannabis would cause more difficulties to fall asleep, to stay asleep and would make smokers sleep too much.

Does cannabis impacts the quality of sleep?

Smoking cannabis in the evening to sleep better is a habit that concerns many people around the world. According to the followers, this plant would help to relax and would allow to sleep well. However, a study published on December 6, 2021 in the BMJ Journals states that this is just a preconceived idea. The study was conducted by the University of Toronto (Canada), in collaboration with various health organizations in the United States.

The researchers tried to understand the possible relationship between the use of cannabis on the moment and the duration of sleep by integrating no less than 21,729 volunteers between 2005 and 2018. They took into account many factors such as ethnicity, level of education, age, number of hours worked per week and other health-related criteria. Of course, the researchers also included information on sleep quality and cannabis use.

The study placed participants in three categories based on the length of their night’s sleep. The first category was for short nights (less than six hours), the second for “optimal” nights and the last for long nights (nine hours or more).

Smokers with sleep problems

The scientists asked the volunteers about their possible difficulties in finding sleep or staying asleep. They were also asked to find out more about sleeping for too long. Next, the participants were again divided into two groups: cannabis smokers who had used in the past month and those who had not. The 3,132 smokers in the sample included moderate smokers (less than 20 joints per month) and heavy smokers (more than 20 joints per month).

According to the results, 34% of moderate and heavy cannabis users reported sleeping less than six hours per night and 56% more than nine hours. In general, they reported having more problems falling asleep or staying asleep. Others also confirmed that they slept too long.

According to the researchers, heavy cannabis users are more exposed to both extremes of sleep duration. The study results are believed to be related to an unknown consequence of repeated exposure to cannabis. It may also be a reflection of underlying sociodemographic or health factors. The scientists believe that it is possible that as the body becomes accustomed to cannabis, it becomes more susceptible to sleep disturbances.…

Argentina legalizes self-cultivation of medical cannabis

Argentina legalizes self-cultivation of medical cannabis

Personal and network cultivation is allowed for Argentine researchers and patients who register with the National Cannabis Program.

The Argentine government has legalized the self-cultivation of cannabis for therapeutic use as well as the sale of medicinal oils and creams in pharmacies, according to a decree published Wednesday, November 11, 2020 in the Official Gazette. This is a revision of the law passed in March 2017 allowing the medicinal use of cannabis oils but maintained the prohibition of self-cultivation and possession of seeds in individual or collective form.

Sale of oils and creams produced from cannabis allowed in pharmacies

The decree, signed by President Alberto Fernandez, aims to allow “access and protection (…) to those who need to use cannabis as a therapeutic tool”, says the text. Thus, personal and network cultivation is allowed for researchers and patients who register with the National Cannabis Program, which had been created by law but was not operational. The sale of oils and creams produced from cannabis is also authorized in pharmacies.

Patients and families of children with serious pathologies who produced their own oil to improve their quality of life demanded to get out of the illegality. “Today, we cry with joy because we started this fight for our children (…). We are one big family fighting for the same right, the right to quality of life. We are going to cultivate our medicines without fear” (…) We are not criminals”, the collective “Mama Cultiva” said on social networks.

Alleviate the effects of Parkinson’s disease

Cannabis oil is administered to treat epilepsy as well as for the palliative treatment of pain in people with cancer, fibromyalgia or to mitigate the effects of Parkinson’s disease. The Argentine state also intends to embark on the public production of medical cannabis to ensure access to patients who lack medical coverage. In 2013, Uruguay became the first country in the world to pass a law allowing the cultivation of medical and recreational marijuana, the formation of growers’ clubs and the supervised purchase of marijuana in pharmacies.…

swiss legalisation cannabis

Cannabis: Switzerland prepares for legalization

After the National, the State Public Health Commission has largely agreed to regulate the cannabis market.

The way is clear: parliamentarians can now prepare the law that will “lift the prohibition of cannabis and completely revise the regulations on its cultivation, production, trade and consumption”. The Committee on Public Health of the Council of States voted 9 to 2 in favor of the parliamentary initiative to regulate the market, a few months after a (closer) vote of the same committee of the National.

Put an end to the black market

The committee of the States wants to treat the problem in its entirety. “It will be necessary to ensure that the black market is contained and that only cannabis whose quality has been controlled is available,” it said in its statement issued Tuesday afternoon.

The initiative accepted by the commissions speaks indeed “to introduce a tax and regulate advertising, to dry up the black market by removing the prohibition and to supervise the production for personal use”. The protection of minors must be considered a priority, the text says.

From now on, the National Health Commission will have to work on writing the law, which will then be submitted to both chambers in plenary. Given the votes of the elected representatives of the commissions and the positions of the different parties, the proposal has the potential to be accepted.

Times are changing

First to react, the Young Socialists “welcome the clear decision of the commission and hope that the chambers will quickly deal with this object”. The Swiss Greens had also called for acceptance of the solution in the previous vote. The FDP is somewhat divided, but some sections are advocating the decriminalization of all drugs.

The Centre and the SVP have been rather sceptical in the past, but it should be noted that the parliamentary initiative was tabled by Heinz Siegenthaler from Bern, who sits for the PBD, i.e. in the parliamentary group of the Centre, and that he is a former member of the SVP.…