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Argentina legalizes self-cultivation of medical cannabis

Personal and network cultivation is allowed for Argentine researchers and patients who register with the National Cannabis Program.

The Argentine government has legalized the self-cultivation of cannabis for therapeutic use as well as the sale of medicinal oils and creams in pharmacies, according to a decree published Wednesday, November 11, 2020 in the Official Gazette. This is a revision of the law passed in March 2017 allowing the medicinal use of cannabis oils but maintained the prohibition of self-cultivation and possession of seeds in individual or collective form.

Sale of oils and creams produced from cannabis allowed in pharmacies

The decree, signed by President Alberto Fernandez, aims to allow “access and protection (…) to those who need to use cannabis as a therapeutic tool”, says the text. Thus, personal and network cultivation is allowed for researchers and patients who register with the National Cannabis Program, which had been created by law but was not operational. The sale of oils and creams produced from cannabis is also authorized in pharmacies.

Patients and families of children with serious pathologies who produced their own oil to improve their quality of life demanded to get out of the illegality. “Today, we cry with joy because we started this fight for our children (…). We are one big family fighting for the same right, the right to quality of life. We are going to cultivate our medicines without fear” (…) We are not criminals”, the collective “Mama Cultiva” said on social networks.

Alleviate the effects of Parkinson’s disease

Cannabis oil is administered to treat epilepsy as well as for the palliative treatment of pain in people with cancer, fibromyalgia or to mitigate the effects of Parkinson’s disease. The Argentine state also intends to embark on the public production of medical cannabis to ensure access to patients who lack medical coverage. In 2013, Uruguay became the first country in the world to pass a law allowing the cultivation of medical and recreational marijuana, the formation of growers’ clubs and the supervised purchase of marijuana in pharmacies.